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Volume & Issue no: Volume 9, Issue 8, August 2020

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Title:
Reinterpreting Kolkata’s heritage: A system-cybernetic approach for the resurgence of tram as an eco-friendly mode of transport.
Author Name:
Soumyadeep Dutta, Amrita Das, Nilakash Dutta
Abstract:
ABSTRACT Tramways are regarded as one of the most profitable of all Light Rail Transit systems originated in early nineteenth century in Wales. These help in contributing smart growth patterns by promoting economic stewardship and increasing ridership besides boasting of a clean, green, no-residue medium of transport. Design wise, tramcars are comfortable and user-friendly having a low height boarding platform. India being under colonial rule experienced tram system as early as 1873 with Kolkata being the first city. The once flourishing network has been gradually reduced to a meagre existential formality being hampered with the uncontrolled expansion of the urban core and emergence of faster systems like the metro. With most developed cities around the world opting for trams as an alternative, Kolkata has backtracked gradually pushing the once flourishing system towards ‘extinction’. This paper aims to identify tram as a system along with its various subsystems for having a comprehensive apprehension of how environmental psychology can be effectively incorporated to identify the arguments and advocate strategies to reinterpret the user perception by various principles of environmental appraisal on two routes selected from survey to provide a consolidated scheme for the resurgence of tram system in the city of joy. Keywords:Environmental appraisal, LRT system, System-cybernetic approach, Urban mobility.
Cite this article:
Soumyadeep Dutta, Amrita Das, Nilakash Dutta , " Reinterpreting Kolkata’s heritage: A system-cybernetic approach for the resurgence of tram as an eco-friendly mode of transport." , International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM) , Volume 9, Issue 8, August 2020 , pp. 021-033 , ISSN 2319 - 4847.
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