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Volume & Issue no: Volume 10, Issue 9, September 2021

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Title:
Investigation on Soil and Groundwater Caused by Industrial Waste Water
Author Name:
T.Subramani, A.Arutselvam, K.P.Sivaraj, Shaikh Abdulkarim Shaukat Ali K, Sijan P Mathew
Abstract:
ABSTRACT Development of industrialization affects the environment in different ways by discharging the large amount of effluent as waste water in the surrounding land and water bodies, causing the serious problems to environment. Presently, around 10 billion litres of untreated effluent is produced every day that leads to pollution of natural water resources. The disposal of industrial effluents is a problem of increasing importance throughout the world. In India a huge amount of waste water generated from distillery and paper industries is discharged on land or into the running water. Distillery waste water is characterized by low pH, high BOD and COD values and contains a high percentage of organic and inorganic materials. This waste water also contains considerable amounts of elements like N, P, K, Ca and S. The paper mill effluents are characterized by high values of BOD, COD and wide range of pH, depending upon the source of origin. The N, P and K contents are lower as compared to those in distillery waste waters. Impact of use of these effluents on soil, plant and water bodies is discussed. Use of distillery effluents indicates a significant increase in electrical conductivity (EC), organic carbon, exchangeable Na as well as available N, P and K in soils. Similarly, pH, organic carbon, cation-exchange capacity, available N, P, K and micronutrient content s of soils irrigated with paper factory effluents are reported to be increased. Besides, the use of this waste water increases the exchangeable Na content of soils This may result in the land use becoming non-sustainable in the long run. Wastewater induced salinity may reduce crop productivity. Canal water was containing high COD, BOD values and higher heavy metal content and the soil irrigated with this water was showing the poor status of the nutrients and high contamination of heavy metals. Sampling locations were selected based on waste water discharging points. Collected soil and water samples were analysed for physicochemical characteristic, heavy metal and sulphide content. The present study was to evaluate the various effects on the soil and groundwater characteristics irrigated with discharged water. Keywords: Investigation, Soil, Ground water, Industrial, Waste water
Cite this article:
T.Subramani, A.Arutselvam, K.P.Sivaraj, Shaikh Abdulkarim Shaukat Ali K, Sijan P Mathew , " Investigation on Soil and Groundwater Caused by Industrial Waste Water" , International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM) , Volume 10, Issue 9, September 2021 , pp. 093-105 , ISSN 2319 - 4847.
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