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Volume & Issue no: Volume 10, Issue 7, July 2021

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Title:
Water Resources Development and Causes of Flood Blossoming in Upper Krishna River Basin
Author Name:
Suraj K. Patil, Amitkumar S. Sajane, Appasaheb S. Ingale
Abstract:
ABSTRACT Since the 1850s, progressive agricultural and water development in the Krishna basin in South India has led to rising overcommitment of water resources. This over-commitment and signs of basin closure are apparent during dry periods: surface water resources are almost entirely committed to human consumptive uses; increasing groundwater abstraction negatively affects the surface water balance by decreasing base flows; and the discharge to the ocean continues to decrease. Flood condition has become catastrophic during recent years mainly part of July and early August in Krishna River basin. It is also important to note that floods are serious spectacles by human and natural activities. About 27.72%of the geographical area of the upper Krishna River basin of southern Maharashtra is affected by floods of which about 2.12% of total population of Upper Krishna basin has agonized in 2006. Since, the floods of rivers are responses of both natural and anthropogenic factors, the relative effects and causes vary from place to place. To analyse the causes of flood situation in the region under study, the statistical data and concerned information have been collected through personal visits and records available at Tehsil headquarters of Sangli, Kolhapur and Satara districts. The present paper attempts to analyse causes of floods occurred in recent years in Krishna River basin of southern Maharashtra with the help of Geo-spatial approach. Keywords: Catchment, Rainfall, Runoff, Groundwater, Infiltration, GIS, Flood
Cite this article:
Suraj K. Patil, Amitkumar S. Sajane, Appasaheb S. Ingale , " Water Resources Development and Causes of Flood Blossoming in Upper Krishna River Basin" , International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM) , Volume 10, Issue 7, July 2021 , pp. 070-076 , ISSN 2319 - 4847.
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