ABSTRACT The components and subassemblies are to be produced with more accuracy and reliability to ensure effective performance in the fully assembled final product. In this article a product namely washing machine has been selected for case study to identify its quality requirements by measuring its parameters such as spinning speed, maintenance, water level controller etc by using tool called Failure Mode Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA), which is derived from the Quality tool called Failure Mode Effect Analysis. The main aim of this tool is to critically examine the different parameters of product for finding the causes and effects of product failures. So FMECA (Failure Mode Effects and Critical Analysis) is one of the effective tools to categorize the various methods of failures based on the risk involved. Keywords: FEMCA, Failures risks, operations and Maintenance.